Personality Types PDF Print E-mail
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Monday, 19 April 2010 00:00

Our behavior traits significantly affect our health condition and longevity. When the Bonn Longitudinal Study was conducted in 1932, Lehr found that along with genetic, physiological, and lifestyle factors affecting longevity, personality characteristics also seemed to be almost as important.

Studies of centenarians and the oldest elderly conducted by Gallup and Hill in 1960 (ie. 164 people aged 100 to 117) and Jewett in 1973 (ie. 79 people aged 87 to 103) showed that centenarians are generally relaxed, easygoing, cheerful, self-confident, independent, and active.  They are convivial and enjoy other people, are tolerant of frustration, and feel that they have spent their lives well. In 1977, Woodruff found that people who are calm, happy, relaxed, flexible, and content with their lives have a tendency to live longer. Conversely, aggressive, repressive, stubborn, dogmatic, adventurous people live fewer years than the average life expectancy.

The personalities of particular people categorized by their behavior, of which there are three types: Type A, Type B and Type C.

Type A. Type A is characterized as highly competitive, keenly ambitious, always in a hurry, and easily annoyed. Other characteristics of a Type A personality include a sense of being under constant time pressure, a suspicious nature, chronic impatience and excessive. Type A’s tend to become easily upset, often for little reason.  Although Type A’s are frequently successful in their professions, they are never satisfied.  They often try to do more than one thing at a time: they talk on the phone while working on the computer or driving the car, or they read while eating.

Many people who have heart attacks fit this behavioral description; therefore, doctors believe that having a Type A personality is a risk factor in heart disease.  Recent research at Duke University discovered that the hostility most often associated with Type A’s is the real risk factor.  “People who are merely ambitious or driven aren’t the ones at risk for heart disease,” according to Redford Williams, M.D., director of Duke’s Cultural Behavioral Medicine Research Centre. “But people who are hostile – not just irritable, but rude, abrasive, cynical, vengeful, manipulative, or condescending –are.”

Type B. A Type B is noncompetitive, less driven, patient, easygoing and never has outbursts fo rage, out-of-control temper tantrums, or hostile episodes, as Type A’s do.  They are perfectly relaxed, at peace with themselves and their environs; their lack of anger stems from a sense of inner peace. Type B’s unlike Type A’s, are able to express their emotions appropriately. Characteristics such as a pleasant demeanor, the conscious control of anger, and temporary fearlessness in the face of trauma allow them to cope with stress effectively. Although they are not driven over-achievers, Type B’s are often as successful in their professions as Type A’s.

Type C. A Type C is unfailingly pleasant and appeasing, but unable to express his or her emotions, especially anger. Type C’s often are oblivious to the feeling of anger.  Form an early age, they are denied their own needs by internalizing anger or displeasure and suppressing their emotions. Another characteristic of A Type C personality is a profound sense of hopelessness and despair, caused by a loss of hope or a loved one. These people feel lonely; their loneliness starts at an early age and progresses into adulthood. We all suppress or need and emotions, it may cause serious disease and illness. Type C’s have the same behavioral patterns that people at risk for cancer usually have. “Strongly associated with cancer,” as Lydia Temoshok, PhD., and Henry Dreher say in their book, The Type C Connection. According to Dr Temoshok, patients who are emotionally constricted, passive, withdrawn, or appeasing tended to have thicker tumors.

The reason that people with a Type A personality are at higher risk for heart attack is that their anger and hostility put a burden on their cardiovascular system. Similarly, Type C’s are at greater risk of cancer because their unexpressed negative emotions keep the bad hormones inside and weaken their immune system. In contrast with coronary-prone Type A’s and cancer-prone Type C’s, Type B’s are healthy, with a decreased risk for heart disease and cancer.

Evaluation of Behavioral Traits of Types A, B and C People

No

Type A

Type B

Type C

1

Very competitive

Noncompetitive

Passive

2

Quick to anger, easily irritated

Consciously controls anger

Suppresses anger

3

Copes through hostility, competitiveness

Expresses emotions appropriately

Tends to appease, doesn’t show negative feelings

4

Self-centred on own needs

Capable to meet own needs and to respond to others

Self-sacrificing, denying own needs

5

Always rushed

Never feels rushed, even under pressure

Lethargic

6

Wants good job to be recognized by others

Cares to satisfy self, no matter what others think

Tries to please others, avoids conflicts

7

Impatient

Patient

Obedient even when manipulated by others

8

Fast (eg. Eating, walking, speaking)

Normal speed

Slow in doing things

9

Hard-driving

Easygoing

Bland

10

Struggling

Confident and content

Easily gives up

11

Few interests outside work

Many interests

Puts interests of others over own

12

In control

Self supportive

Helpless

13

Emphatic in speech (may pound desk)

Slow, deliberate speaker

Lost voice, does not speak about own needs

14

Pursues opportunities the world offers

Moderately ambitious

Hopeless

15

Rejecting

Offering

Accepting

Last Updated on Saturday, 25 December 2010 18:46